Missions to Mars

ExoMars
March 14, 2016 | ESA | ExoMars website | Wikipedia

Except for Wikipedia, Russian Space Web has a great article about ExoMars. This is the first of the two part mission. Next launch includes a rover for the Martian surface.

 

MAVEN
November 18, 2013 | NASA | Maven website | Wikipedia
Status: Success

 

Mars Orbiter Mission
November 5, 2013 | ISRO | Mars Orbiter website | Wikipedia
Also called Mangalayaan. In Mars orbit.

 

Mars Science Laboratory
November 26, 2011 | NASA | MSL website | Wikipedia

Curiosity rover. Wikipedia link.
Status: Success

Credit: JPLPublic

 

Phoenix
August 5, 2007 | UA / NASA | Phoenix websiteWikipedia
Status: Success

 

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter
August 12, 2005 | NASA | MRO website | MRO site at JPL |  Wikipedia
Status: In orbit. Fan site with the best photos from MRO: http://www.marsfromspace.com/

 

Mars Exploration Rovers
2003 | NASA | MER website | Wikipedia
Opportunity (MER-B)
July 7, 2003 | Wikipedia
Spirit
(MER-A)
June 10, 2003 | Wikipedia
Status: Success

Mars Express
June 2, 2003 | ESA | Mars Express websiteWikipedia
Lander: Beagle 2 | Beagle 2 website | Wikipedia
Status: Orbiter success, Lander failure. The lander, Beagle2 was later located by NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

 

2001 Mars Odyssey
April 7, 2001 | NASA | Mars Odyssey website | Paper modelWikipedia
In orbit around Mars for 15 years.

Space.com: Record-setting Mars Odyssey orbiter launched 15 years ago today

 

Mars Global Surveyor
November 7, 1996 | NASA | Mars Global Surveyor website | Paper modelWikipedia

Reached Mars orbit September 12, 1997. MGS failed responding November 2, 2006. NASA officially ended the mission January 2007.

 

Mars Pathfinder
December 4, 1996 | NASA | Mars Pathfinder website | Wikipedia

The mission consisted of a lander (Carl Sagan Memorial Station) and a lightweight rover named Sojourner. Landing station and rover landed successfully on July 4, 1997. The last transmission from Pathfinder was on September 27, 1997. The communication could not be restored. The mission ended on March 10, 1998. Mars Pathfinder was initially part of the MESUR program. After the loss of Mars Observer, Pathfinder became a part of NASA’s Discovery Program.

 

Mars Observer
September 25, 1992 | NASA | Wikipedia

Contact with the spacecraft was lost on August 21, 1993, three days before orbital insertion.